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A Report that the USA might consider

Migrants should swear an oath of allegiance as soon as they arrive in the UK, an official review has recommended as it warned that Muslims increasingly do not identify themselves as being British.
An 18 month review by Dame Louise Casey has found that the "unprecedented pace and scale of recent immigration" has had a significant impact on many communities.
It warns that parts of Birmingham, Blackburn, Burnley and Bradford up to 85 per cent of the local population is Muslim, with many holding "very socially Conservative views" about women and homosexuality.
Muslims living in the UK are, it suggests, increasingly identifying with a global Islamic "Ummah", or community, rather than with being British.

Demonstrators from Muslims Against Crusaders protest against democracy outside the US Embassy in London in 2011
Demonstrators from Muslims Against Crusaders protest against democracy outside the US Embassy in London in 2011
It says that the divide creates a "wedge" and helps foster extremist views in some Muslim communities. It warns that ethnic isolation is being embedded at a young age, and identifies 511 schools where more than half of pupils are from Pakistani and Bangladeshi backgrounds.
She criticised previous events by the Government to encourage integration as "saris, samosas and steel drums", saying that while they help bring people together they fail to tackled the "difficult issues".
To increase integration Dame Louise suggests that schools should work together to ensure that "different communities learn alongside those from different backgrounds.
The review says that "more weight should be attached to British values" in the national curriculum and raises "serious concerns" about the growth of unregistered Muslim schools and children being home taught.

Demonstrators from Muslims Against Crusaders protest against democracy outside the US Embassy in London in 2011
Demonstrators from Muslims Against Crusaders protest against democracy outside the US Embassy in London in 2011
It says that the "single most important thing" the Government can do is to ensure people can speak English, highlighting the fact that Muslim and Hindu women are half as likely to do so as men.
The review warns that women in some ethnic minority communities are being subjected to "coercive control, violence and criminal acts of abuse".
The Government should use the benefits system, she says to help give people English lessons and "tackle cultural barriers born out of segregation".
It says ministers should make clear to migrants that they are expected to integrate before they apply for visas, and consider an "oath of integration with British values and society" after they arrive.
It also addresses concerns around corruption, suggesting that here needs to be a new oath for holders of public office. 
Dame Louise said: “Social integration is about closing the gaps that exist between people and communities.
“We need more effort to be put into integration policies to help communities cope with the pace and scale of immigration and population change in recent years. But we also need more of a spirit of unity, compassion and kindness that brings people together under our common British values of tolerance, democracy, equality and respect.”

The report warns: "British Muslims are increasingly identifying with a global Muslim ‘Ummah’. This rise in religiosity and less integrated, more regressive and socially conservative versions of Islam is being felt in communities but not discussed openly, other than by Islamophobic hate mongers on the Far Right.
"This in turn helps to feed a grievance narrative promoted by extremist groups who want to drive a wedge between British Muslims and the rest of British society. So we need a more honest conversation about all this in the mainstream, in a way that helps bind people back together again, not drive them apart."
It adds that net migration figures, which are currently around 330,000 a year, "disguise" the fact that 1million people arrive or leave a year.
It says: "While diversity makes our nation economically and culturally richer, it is important to acknowledge the impact of the unprecedented pace and scale of recent immigration on communities.
"Annual net migration is high at more than 300,000 people but this can disguise the fact that nearly one million people either leave or arrive in any year. This can be particularly salient at a local level, where the impact of this churn on communities is significant.
"We need to talk about the impacts of immigration in a level-headed way, as well as to provide more help for new migrants to integrate and more help for local people to adapt to changes and new pressures in their communities." The report highlights "serious" concerns about home schooling and suggests that the Government should consider new standards to ensure it is not "divisive"

on not feeling necessary

As Sebastian Junger writes in his compelling book, Tribe: “Humans don’t mind hardship, in fact they thrive on it; what they mind is not feeling necessary. Modern society has perfected the art of making people not feel necessary.”

The new rage - the philosophy of coo coochy coo.

University academics in Universities across the UK have been offered counselling to deal with the “stress and anxiety” caused by the Brexit vote. Staff are being urged to attend “wellbeing workshops” and follow guidance to help them cope with feelings of “uncertainty, grief and anger” post-Brexit.

A lesson from the collapse of the Roman Empire for today's West


The Roman Empire of the first and second centuries A.D. was a superpower. It stretched from the moors of Scotland out to the Tigris and Euphrates River valleys of Iraq today, and from the North Seas of Germany to the sands of the Sahara.
If you were going to take a trip through the Roman Empire in the second century A.D., you would start off in the United Kingdom, cross over to Belgium and Holland, through Germany and France, on down to Switzerland and Austria, and to Hungry and Romania and Bulgaria, down through what was Yugoslavia and to Greece and then on to Turkey, through Syria, Lebanon, into Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Egypt. We would pass on into Libya, into Tunisia, Algeria, and up into Morocco and then on up into Spain.
If you were to take that journey today, even in the day of the Euro, you would need to change your money at least a dozen times
Lastl so vast was its rule there would be many  places you would not want to go.  That is how enormous it was and how far the long arm of its power and dominion stretched.

 Once you have become such a power, you cannot step back from it; you have aroused too much hatred. You must follow that path to the end, and the Romans chose to follow it to the end

Rome was called the 'Eternal City' think of the hubris in that?  USA USA USA 'let's make American great again' One thinks of Trump rallies as smacking of Nuremberg, in no way am I indicating

they had any of that facsictic content but they were such swells of people, such devout congregations it was clearly evident that that the people 'das volk' were hungry for the 'new'.

As post Trump/Brexit landscape emerges - the danger of empire is the inability to see yourself as others see you. The world is filled with examples of imperial nations, like France, that were convinced they were bringing liberal ideas to areas that simply did not want them. That hubris of being so sure that your ideas are right for everyone is one of the greatest of dangers - the outrageous arrogance of thinking you were wise when you are not wise. 

A Roma Seaator with the hubris of  Icarus  migHt ave stifibl claied , "We ought to rule the whole world now. We've got the chance" No. -+You will end up becoming slaves of others. Let us stay home and govern ourselves well. There seems to to be a message there

The 'educated' classes in the Roman Empire led to low birthrates and this was one of the factors that led to the collapse of the Empire. It is of interest that 
Hillary Clinton has one child wheras with Trump there are kids all over the place.
Thinking of the middle class and their pathological restraint in the bed, one thinks of Lear
were Edmund rails agains the injustice of beig tarred as a 'bastard' ...he mocks the creation
of so called civilised begetting ...'got between  sleep and wake... a .whole tribe of fops.'
 the Bastard was begot in the lusty stealth of nature whereas you, were 'got between sleep and wake'.  Compare and contrast the lusty stealth of nature to an afterthought.

Back to the Romans:  the illiterate Germans (the Huns) chose to have many children. This difference helped the Germanic peoples to overwhelm Rome by sheer numbers.

Europe, and the United States to a lesser extent, is facing a similar problem today. High birthrates and less desire to assimilate into European cultures by immigrants signal an ominous trend. Secular people, no matter what background, have fewer children than religious people. So if the trend continues, the future belongs to the staunchly religious.  'We will out birth you' is not a threat but a coming fact for today's Roman Empire the West and Western culture 

Each person's religious and philosophical worldviews have a major impact on how they deal with the pressures of life. Pessimism, materialism and hedonism start with anti-religious skepticism. Like so many of today's intellectuals, ancient pagan Rome's scholars had no infinite God or way to relate their lives to having true meaning or an ultimate purpose.
By contrast, the Bible/Koran  revelation gives people an integrated view of life. Faith and reason, purpose and pleasure, the infinite and the finite, general universal values and particular human lives are all reconciled. The Bible/Koran total-life knowledge and values bring meaning to individual lives.
America and Britain share in a culture based mostly on ancient Greco-Roman culture and the Judeo-Christian religion. But Rome's scholars didn't believe in their gods anymore, many of today's highly educated people have lost faith in their traditional faiths of Judaism and Christianity.
Few academics believe in the true God or take the Bible seriously anymore. Many are secular humanists who think man is the measure of all things. 
Over the past two and a half centuries since the rough mid-point of the Enlightenment (ca. 1745), their faith in human reason's effectiveness declined nearly as quickly as their faith in God's existence
 Ideas Have Consequences. The huge upswing in the West's interest in eastern religions, the occult, reincarnation and “New Age” ideas is proof that empty, atheistic modern thought just doesn't meet most people's needs. The ideology of multiculturalism, which ultimately stands for no values other than accepting all ideas as equally valid, reflects Western intellectuals' philosophical bankruptcy. Such self-contradictory clichés as “All is relative” and “There are no absolutes” ultimately prove to be empty and meaningless
By contrast, many of the Muslim immigrants who are flooding Europe uphold a dogmatic certainty about their faith. They see no need to apologize for their imperialist, jihadist past. Like their medieval ancestors, many of today's Islamists believe they are obligated to force their beliefs and values on others.
There's a serious ideological battle between skeptical, uncertain secularists and devout, dogmatic Islamists. History inevitably favors the latter over the former. When people lose confidence in their own civilization's values and virtues, it's been seen that they won't fight strongly to prevent their own collapse. It happened with Rome, and it's happening today to the West, and to the United States and Britain in particular.
By the time of the late Roman Empire the economy was largely dependent on slave labor for both skilled and unskilled work. Slaves are estimated to have constituted around 20% of the Roman Empire's population at this time and 40% in the city of Rome, soon the cry from the slaves was not 
stoicism but you can't do that to me; that is a violation of my civil rights as a Roman.
Is there not warning signs here for the West as they continue to seek out cheap imported labour for the purposes of making more and quicker money?


The illusory nature of moral progress

The illusoriness of the notion of moral progress.
From the 60s onward we have what is deemed to be moral progress 

by advancing the goals of racial and sexual emancipation 

  – women, people of colour, LGBT people et al

The yang to this ying is the populist movement of Trump/Brexit

who assert all 'this'  was no more than a niche distraction, a gimmicky leftist aberration, a game as if the centuries’-long push toward enfranchisement, civil rights, equal pay, and reproductive autonomy, and against domestic, sexual, and police violence were a game.

Our moral horizon moves with us as we move, and never do we draw nearer to the far-off moral perfection line where the black waves and the azure meet.

Gender is not a 'thing' it is a' type'.

The etymology of the word 'gender' is derived from the French word 'genre' i,e not a thing
but a type.

So when I enter a 'gender neutral' bathroom I am entering not a bathroom free of a thing
male/female but of a type 'human'. a human neutral bathroom.

There are 2 genders in the Romance languages French/Italian and 3 in German, Problem

it follows that there is then a continuing ambiguity about the word 'gender'

The key word in the free wiil/determinacy debate is 'indeterminacy'

Biologists knew even earlier, from Charles Darwin's work in 1859, that chance was the driver for evolution and so chance must be a real part of the universe.

On entering  the free will/determined debate we are confronted with two words, One is the eulogistic word freedom,and the other is the opprobrious word chance 

So, do you have free will are all events determined?

 Alec/Alicia  gets a 1st from Oxford/Harvard say;
did s/he do it through his own free will or was there some determined causal factor?

Well I happen to know Alec and Alicia and I also know their parents who were polymaths and avid readers.  This was a causal element in Alec/Alicia's academic glittering careers.

Events must have causes.  But let us barrel down into Alec and Alicia's minds (whatever that means)
but let's us employ 'MIND' in a utilitarian way.

Alec/Alicia  reflect on their latest academic task as they do so they are not conscious of the mind's
pre-reflective state and is in this state, let us call the pistons which fire engine, the sensory receptors
fire off initiating our thought processes.  And the sensory receptors are fuelled by the atoms of which we are composed, so if we barrel down to the atoms, we find that rather that being static things they
can be in two places at the same time and through this barreling down we are now into
the bizarre word of Quantum Mechanics (although Quantum Theory is a more apt term as we don't really know what the 'Mechancis' are).

However have reached this point by tunneling backwards we can say that we have though QM
entered the world of chaos.

And in doing so we are into the world of indeterminacy, which make the free will/determinacy debate rather redundant

The classical problem of reconciling free will with physical determinism is now seen to have been the wrong problem. The real problem is reconciling free will with indeterminism.

'Snowflake' the insult that handcuffs you

The right are calling the left snowflakes for being liberal, 
and the left are calling the right snowflakes for expressing offence, 
and the old are calling the young snowflakes for being too thin-skinned, 
and the young are pointing out that the older generation seem to be the most offended by what they’re doing,
The only winner is the phrase itself.
It’s particularly effective given that there’s really no comeback to it:
 in calling someone a snowflake, you are not just shutting down their opinion, but telling them off for being offended that you are doing so. 
And if you, the snowflake, are offended, you are simply proving that you’re a snowflake. It’s a handcuff of an insult and nobody has the key.
However, on  their own, snowflakes are lightweight. Collectively, though, it’s a different story. A lot of snowflakes together can make for a blizzard

Thought is too elusive to be studied

All good science, can be translated into the technical vocabulary of physics,’ yet ‘nothing happens in the world, not the flutter of an eyelid, not the flicker of a thought, without some redistribution of microphysical states 
To adopt this stance is not to confound the questions confronting the philosopher – with those confronting the physicist.

Theories require language, thought is too elusive to be studied except in its expression. So our question about thought of objects becomes a question about verbal reference to objects. 

 There is, for the philosopher, the question of how we come to have the very thought of the objects of physical theory; indeed, of how we come to have the thought of objects at all, of any kind. e are launched into the philosophy of language and, in particular, into the theory of linguistic reference


Pre-reflective self-consciousness compared to reflective self-consciousness.

If you ask me to give you a description of the pain I feel in my right foot

 I would reflect on it and thereby take up a certain perspective that was one order removed from the pain or the thought. 

Thus, reflective self-consciousness is at least a second-order cognition

In contrast, pre-reflective self-consciousness is pre-reflective in the sense that

 (1) it is an awareness we have before we do any reflecting on our experience;

 (2) it is an implicit and first-order awareness rather than an explicit or higher-order form of self-consciousness

Indeed, an explicit reflective self-consciousness is possible only because there is a pre-reflective self-awareness that is an on-going and more primary self-consciousness.

So what is this pre-reflective consciousness?

Jean-Paul Sartre writes that pre-reflective self-consciousness is not simply a quality added to the experience, an accessory; rather, it constitutes the very mode of being of the experience:
This self-consciousness we ought to consider not as a new consciousness, but as the only mode of existence which is possible for a consciousness of something(Sartre 1943, 20 [1956, liv]).
In short, unless a mental process is pre-reflectively self-conscious there will be nothing to self reflect on.

Bermúdez (1998), to mention one further philosopher in the analytic tradition, argues that there are a variety of nonconceptual forms of self-consciousness that are “logically and ontogenetically more primitive than the higher forms of self-consciousness that are usually the focus of philosophical debate” (1998, 274; also see Poellner 2003). This growing consensus across philosophical studies supports the phenomenological view of pre-reflective self-consciousness.

Reflection, in the sense of a turning back, is only a mode of self-apprehension, but not the mode of primary self-disclosure (Heidegger 1989, 226 [1982, 159]).

If I count the sweets in that bowl
Image result for sweets in a bowl
 I have the impression of disclosing an objective property of this collection of sweets: they are a 2 dozen (let us say)

This property appears to my consciousness as a property existing in the world. It is very possible that I have no positional consciousness of counting them. Then I do not know myself as counting. Yet at the moment when these sweets are revealed to me as a dozen, I have a non-thetic consciousness of my adding activity. If anyone questioned me, indeed, if anyone should ask, “What are you doing there?” I should reply at once, “I am counting.” (Sartre 1943, 19–20 [1956, liii]).  But what triggered your counting.

 In pre-reflective self-awareness, experience is given, not as an object, but precisely as subjective experience

Hume, in a famous passage in A Treatise of Human Nature, declares that he cannot find a self when he searches his experiences, but finds only particular perceptions or feelings

Accordingly, we should not think of the self, in this most basic sense, as a substance, or as some kind of ineffable transcendental precondition, or as a social construct that gets generated through time; rather it is an integral part of conscious life, with an immediate experiential character 

The comfort of our opinion - without the discomfort of thought

The epistemological state of our ethics/morals

Disagreements on moral matters can arise at home, and even within oneself.

When they do, one regrets the methodological infirmity of ethics as compared with science.

The empirical foothold of scientific theory is in the predicted observable event; that of a moral code is in the observable moral act.

But whereas we can test a prediction against the independent course of observable nature, we can judge the morality of an act only by our moral standards themselves, here, by neccesity we enter into solipism.

 We seem to think, when speaking about moral matters, that our sentences are judged against an independent criterion; independent, that is, from what we merely happen to believe. A coherence theory of truth in ethics.

The knowledge claims for morals are thus epistemologically (claims to knowledge) flawed, because there is no ascendent theory, 'It is the right and moral act.' I mean what makes it right and moral
if it is only opinion.

The 'self' is constituted by what is not 'self'

In Merleau-Ponty’s Time, Memory, Institution argues that the self is not a self-contained or self-determining identity, as such, but is gathered out of a radical openness to what is not self, and that it gathers itself in a time that is not merely a given dimension, but folds back upon, gathers, and institutes itself. 

What is the 'Anthroscene'?

Fun Fun!:iconcrussofang:CrussoFang2 0

It is deviant 'art'

How cooking our food gave us the advantage over apes

The human advantage lies in the 86 billion neurons that are packed into a mere 1,400 grams of matter in the human brain.

This is 
entirely typical a primate of our size, with nothing special about our brain at all, so far as overall numbers are concerned. When one draws a correlation between body mass and brain mass for living primates and extinct species of Homo, it is not humans—whose brains are three times larger than those of chimpanzees, their closest primate relative. Instead, it is the great apes—gorillas and the orangutan—with brains far smaller than would be expected in relation to their body mass. We are the new normal in evolution while the great apes are the evolutionary oddity that requires explanation.

If we shared a way of life with other primates we couldn’t possibly survive: there would be insufficient hours in the day to feed our hungry brain. It needs 500 calories a day to function, which is 25 percent of what our entire body requires. That sounds like a lot, but a single cupful of glucose can fuel the brain for an entire day, with just over a teaspoon being required per hour.

 Nevertheless, the brains of almost all other vertebrates are responsible for a mere 10 percent of their overall metabolic needs. We evolved and learned a clever trick in our evolutionary past in order to find the time to feed our neuron-packed brains: we began to cook our food. By so doing, more energy could be extracted from the same quantity of plant stuffs or meat than from eating them raw.

If you are going to lie, lie often, so that it becomes part of your charm

If you’re going to lie in the course of a public contest, lie so often that people can’t keep up with you, and they might even see your serial exaggerations and fabrications as part of your charm. Was this the case with Trump, or come to that,  Hillary.

The transubtantiation required for 'I get it, Roger, Over and Out'

Fido is a dog
Yeah, I get that, I get he's a dog.'
But how do you know that, for here we are launched into the theory of linguistic reference.
And every theory, requires a meta or ascendant theory and there is now view from nowhere where we can pronounce objectively. There is no theory-transcendent position from which to judge reality; s/he must speak from within his theory

You have taken the observation sentence 'Fido is a dog' holophrastically ((i.e. as unanalysed wholes) by subtracting whatever in it is peculiar to the particular language in which it is expressed to arrive at a fact which is to the maximum degree independent of conceptual scheme.

We are in language and as some would have it, language is fascistic for it compels us to speak

'Getting it' that Fido is a dog.., or any linguistic communication is no more than an anodyne epistemic interpretation and highly suspect notion on a par of the claim for essence

We can extend this linguistic delving in morals by dividing them into into two largely overlapping classes, the altruistic and the ‘ceremonial’ Here once again we have a deplorable 'you go low I go high' the simplistic Clinton claim in the recent US election. What we have here is a deplorable lack of 
empirical controls, a kind of  methodological infirmity of ethics as say - compared with science.

Fido is a dog...we go low we go high, are posits the simplest and laziest of all worlds and if we accept such simplicities it  governs our conceptual construction of the world.

Fido is a dog a Physical objects, is fundamentally a construction.  Our purpose in introducing Fido/Dog is to store up ‘observation categoricals’ in a logically compact form

However, we have to get on with it, however lazily, and this requirement requires that there is minimum mutilation’ and an internal constraint on the acceptability of a construction of the world. This world, as Thomas Quine views it, as a human construction.
I return, Fido is a dog is true only if Fido is a dog,  To understand a sentence is to know the conditions under which it is true,

Fido is a dog, ie the sameness of meaning is a useful notion in everyday life, but it has no role to play in our ‘first-class’ scientific theory of the world.

Or as Quine writes, ending his essay on Communication: ‘We get an exaggerated idea of how well we have been understood, simply for want of checkpoints to the contrary. The miracle of communication, in its outer reaches, is a little like the miracle of transubstantiation
(the miraculous religious ritual of converting wine into water).


Why the verb 'go' is defective

The verb 'go' is defective because it lacks a past tense, what about 'went' I hear  you say
but this is just linguistic book keeping. for the two words are as unlike in origin as in form.
Such anomolies exist across a broad range of language. Nothing we can do about this and it endorses the propositon that language speaks us rather than the other way round - we speak language,

The pathological claim that we 'are all the same'..

This post will not delight the Gestalt (the perception of oneness from many) contingent

Each person has an unknown multitude of sensory receptors, and our atoms are the momentary triggering of sensory receptors, but how do we define an atom (something that can be in two places at the same time?                       

also our

Consciousness is subjective 

and unless we are dead  we are unfinished. 

So why this Liberal pathological claim, ('we are all the same') of homogeneity?  

It is but a dream that we have a meaningful a repetoire of perceptual features and it is only
in 2016 that scientist are becoming of the bewildering impulses in our brains.

And it is only through future developments in neurology and physics will be able to determine such for currently scientist are only scratching the surface of 
 what a bewildering array of input of reorganising and digesting takes place in our brains in the split second before we are aware of what has hit us.

That's all you need to know, well, not quite.

Contrary to John Keats 'truth is beauty and beauty truth...that's all you need to know.'

Well, I am afraid, not quite, for truth and beauty are poles apart. For truth occupies the alethic
( modalities of truth)
pole of the intellectual sphere and beauty the aesthetic pole.

The aesthetic pole comprises belles lettres, music, art for arts sake - here the aesthetic is a matter of
emphasis not boundaries,  whereas the alethic comprises the sciences , in the broad sense a
Wissenschaft (systematic pursuit of knowledge), comprising science, maths and all the hard an soft sciences in between,

Beauty in the alethic sense can be the beauty of  a scientific theory.

The alethic and the aesthetic need a third, the ethical to round out the trinity
the true
the good
and the beautiful

The tension between a law and its anomoly

It is the tension between a law, or scientific discovery, or truth, which is vital to progress.

Through this questioning, doubting, we challenge entrenched theories, otherwise a too cavalier
line of thinking may block a future momentous insight/discovery. Such questioning is vital to progress

As Thomas Quine points out, the very eminent Sir Karl Popper was forever inventing hypotheses and then making every effort to falsify them by  ever more inventive,  cunningly devised experiments.

It is the tension between the law/fact/truth and its attempted breaches that powers the engine of truth/law/science/fact.

Why don't we think of a melon and a collie when we utter melancholy?

Melancholy = Image result for melon Image result for collie dogImage result for plate with legs

An early Egyptian heiroglyphic depicts the word 'bring' as a plate/bowl with legs

If we we wish to cut out the bowels we 'eviscerate' them

But how do we do the same with 'vowels'? Well we 'disemvowel' them.

What does all this mean? - nothing, just musing on the vagaries of language