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Neuro plasticity and phantom limbs

An interesting phenomenon involving cortical maps is the incidence of phantom limbs. Phantom limbs are experienced by people who have undergone amputations in hands, arms, and legs, but it is not limited to extremities. Although the neurological basis of phantom limbs is still not entirely understood it is believed that cortical reorganization plays an important role.

. Rehabilitation techniques that have evidence to suggest cortical reorganization as the mechanism of change includeconstraint-induced movement therapyfunctional electrical stimulation, treadmill training with body-weight support, and virtual reality therapyRobot assisted therapy is an emerging technique, which is also hypothesized to work by way of neuroplasticity, though there is currently insufficient evidence to determine the exact mechanisms of change when using this method

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