If you bring forth that which is in you, that which you bring forth will be your salvation".
(The Gospel of Thomas)
Therapy is a mental crucifixion and resurrection and atonement for the patient's sins. It is a religious experience. Psychological theories and plots are in the role of the scriptures from which solace and consolation can be always gleaned.
However, edspite aspirations to the contrary, psychoanalysis is not - and never has been - a value-neutral physics, nor can it claim to be scientific.
All talking therapies, indeed all talking is context-dependent and culture-bound.
Psychoanalysis is about Verstehen,(to undrstand) not about Erklaren. (to say/decalre) It is a hypothetico-deductive method for gleaning events in a person's life and generating insights regarding their connection to his current state of mind and functioning